American Antiquity, 1-20. doi:10.1017/aaq.2018.74 Wrapped in Wool: Coast Salish wool weaving, Vancouver’s public art, and unceded territory Alison Ariss alison.ariss@alumni.ubc.ca “I’m not going to stop weaving until I’ve wrapped the city of Vancouver in our work… because when you arrive here and come into the city you should know that it is Salish … In 2005 the developer was charged with violating the 1996 Heritage Conservation Act, the first time that the … Anyway it seems like dog origins generally are still debated and debatable and while the genetic studies are beyond my pea brain (chip in if I am reading them wrong), looking at cool pictures is definitely within my limits. ( Log Out /  J Flores, I just tried, and your link to the abstract points to Nags’ Head hotel, not to the conference program. Though they were decent at hunting, they were primarily bred for their fluffy fur and coat. Buenger, B. My apologies. Get publications, reminders, and invitations to special events. Hand knit in one piece using traditional tribal methods by members of the Coast Salish Nation using hand-spun, natural, raw, unprocessed, and undyed sheep's wool. The initial domestication part of the dog story remains cloudy. A fascinating topic! Iain: Thanks, always wonder about the use of “extinct” for woolly dogs…. T-shirts up to size 6XL, sweatshirts, hoodies, backpacks, blankets, button pins, hats, drinkware, and stickers featuring tribal designs by Indigenous artists. Coast Salish weaving was a fundamental part of a Coast Salish woman's identity. Hybrid Online Learning - This offering delivers 50-74% of its instruction online, rather than via face-to-face contact between you and your instructors. Sylvia describes the ingeniously woven blankets, made with mountain goat wool and the hair of little white wool dogs, that caught the eye of … WORKING WITH WOOL was researched and written by a non-native woman who married a Coast Salish man. I’m not sure how widely known these photos are, I don’t think I have seen them reproduced before now. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Quentin: I e-mailed you a PDF I compiled titled “Coast Salish [and Makah] ‘Woolly Dogs,’ ca. Many people would mix in other fibers (like fleece from mountain goats and plant fibers) to make the wool from the dogs last longer. With the help of a number of professors, I was able to research the piece and with the help of Dr.Hamilton, we were able to present the finding at the 2015 Geoscience conference at Uvic. With these materials we will prepare the fibers for spinning by blending and carding them. Emergency Information (Includes alerts about delays and closures.). These distinctive sweaters are known and loved around the world, but the Indigenous women who make them remain largely invisible. Cover of Crockford 1997: forensic reconstruction of “village dog” (left) and “wool dog” (right) based on osteological samples. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. The Coast Salish nobility blanket, is called swuqw’alh in Hul’q’umi’num’ and in SENĆOŦEN (Saanich language). Since time-immemorial, Coast Salish people have relied on natural resources to create textiles that communicate status, wealth, and functionality. Then we will sample the historical spinning method with a spindle whorl and the contemporary version of both a treadle and electric spinning wheel. “Mongrel pup of ” woolly -haired” dog looking towards camera. Since time-immemorial, Coast Salish people have relied on natural resources to create textiles that communicate status, wealth, and functionality. Knitting history lovers will not only enjoy reading the text, but will also delight in poring … In any case, I can’t get that link to work. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. That would be an interesting conversation I’m sure. Hope you can post it in this section. To keep the breed true to type and the preferred white color, Salish Wool Dogs were confined o… The Salish Woolly Dog of the Pacific Northwest. A Women & Native-owned company. No Spam! Source: Ian McTaggart-Cowan fonds, UVIC. The swuqw’alh is a blanket woven mostly from mountain goat wool. Best to all, Here is a link to Dale’s PDF – fun! Designed by Louie Gong (Nooksack) Made in our Seattle Studios 2-sided design with secure bound edge Double knit for extra thickness and … The Coast Salish "wool dog" is an interesting example of selective breeding of dogs for a useful trait, in this case, their long, fair hair which could be cut or plucked for weaving. Wow, very cool submission by Dale Croes. Paula: I would imagine that many factors came into play for the loss of the woolly dog including competition with manufactured blankets and disease epidemics, and yet it is surprising to see such a woolly dog from the 1940s — maybe they didn’t actually need such careful breeding after all? Regarding the post I added recently, Im not sure if the link will send those to the photo of the upper maxilla of the wool dog. Hi — I think the site did something weird and posted an email as a comment? An amazing piece, 100% authentic and genuine, hand knit by the Coast Salish peoples of the Cowichan First Nations Band of Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. Here is a link to the abstract. and then operated a Cowichan sweater shop on the Tsartlip First Nation reserve for 16 years. As the Salish people didn’t have sheep and it was very difficult to take wool from wild mountain goat, their fur was … Screenshot of Fred, but the whole document is much longer: Dale, this is a wonderful document. quotes Captain Vancouver: The dogs belonging to this tribe of Indians were numerous, and much resembled those of Pomerania, though in general somewhat larger. All of our custom hats begin with a MADE IN THE USA premium wool blend five-panel hat. ( Log Out /  The blankets were used as bedding, clothing, ceremonial regalia, and as room dividers, floor mats, and outer wall … Louie is proud to help increase the visibility of this form. Side view of a 14 year old dog which was shorn each year for its hair. quotes Captain Vancouver: The dogs belonging to this tribe of Indians were… Haida stone carving from Chumash Territory, California? Also the “European” dogs doing the replacing are allegedly Siberian Huskies, with one prime mover being the Alaska gold rush, so there is sort of a genetic blitzkrieg implied). I have read many of the archalogical reports (available from a Russian site because they are not available for reference here! Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Q, I agree, they must have come with the initial peopling, but they might not have been domesticated much before that time. Classes will combine lectures that are informed by cultural values, demonstrations along with hands-on teaching and learning, identifying and ethically harvesting materials through on campus trips, and supervised Fiber Arts Studio work. She is a feminine entity that came forth to bring many teachings. The small, long-haired wool dog and the coyote-like village dog were deliberately maintained as separate populations. The video below conveys the Spirit of Coast Salish Weaving for me. Pity!) Just as with the human DNA research into the peopling of the Americas, additional sampling always seems to tilt the landscape, so to speak. And wouldn’t it be interesting if, for example, there was a >13,000 year old dog from Haida Gwaii? Saanichton – East Saanich Reserve #2, 1946.” Source: Ian McTaggart Cowan Fonds. Materials: The most common materials for weaving wool Coast Salish blankets, shawls or dresses was from using the Mountain Goat and from the wool dogs that were kept by the Coast Salish people. (Also, archaeology students’ note: the 1935 licence plate provides a terminus post quem). Great images, and food for thought regarding an ongoing genetic presence for such dogs in living populations. See more ideas about Sweaters, Icelandic sweaters, Knitting inspiration. I was very interested in the wool dogs as they were referred to in an archeological study done in Deep Bay (Bowser, BC) some years ago. They were strictly limited to gated caves and islands so that their white color and the breed remained true. Interwoven History: Coast Salish Wool invites visitors to learn about the fundamentals of weaving, while exploring the materials, techniques, processing, and technology. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), ASBC Victoria: September Public Lecture – Isabelle Maurice-Hammond on Coast Salish Root Gardens, https://www.biorxiv.org/content/early/2018/06/27/343574, https://burntembers.files.wordpress.com/2019/01/img_2859.jpg, https://photos.google.com/share/AF1QipM7iglzZRiW7cDby70OPDii0JTgHvWlnEtepkFUjlJsp4SlWbxpgDeGpJhnm1HlgQ?key=YzJpeVlKaWJDZVF2WDk1c0V2WmVDN0liTUl5NHp3, http://www.nagtpnw.org/2015_NAGT_PNW_Final_Program.pdf, https://qmackie.files.wordpress.com/2019/01/coast-salish-makah-woolly-dogs-1972-not-1792.pdf, Canadian History Roundup – Weeks of December 16, 23, and 30, 2018 and January 6, 2019 | Unwritten Histories, Behind the Breed: Salish Wool Dog – Animals of the Pacific Northwest. JF, Good afternoon Prof. Mackie. Since time immemorial Coast Salish women wove blankets with a wool composed of mountain goat hair mixed with the hair of (now extinct) wool dogs. A 2018 genetic study suggests that Native North American  dogs were wiped out and virtually completely replaced by dogs of European origin – so even early historical Indigenous dogs were already genetically replaced, and  apparently uniquely Americanist breeds such as chihuaha are developed in the historic era (though a recent paper lends strong support to the idea that the Mexican hairless dogs derive from deep time mutations). 17th Annual Pacific Northwest Section of the National. This link is to a picture of it that I took in 2017: https://burntembers.files.wordpress.com/2019/01/img_2859.jpg. https://qmackie.files.wordpress.com/2019/01/coast-salish-makah-woolly-dogs-1972-not-1792.pdf, Hi Dale, Thanks, I linked it in your comment above and here it is again, starting with the story of “Fred” https://qmackie.files.wordpress.com/2019/01/coast-salish-makah-woolly-dogs-1972-not-1792.pdf. Very interesting post. This area encompasses the coast of North America from the Bute Inlet in British Columbia South through Western Washington and north of the Columbia River in Oregon. They carefully cultivated a population of dogs with white, long hair which they would shear like sheep in May or June for wool. Interwoven History: Coast Salish Wool invites visitors to learn about the fundamentals of weaving, while exploring the … Hello, my name is Cara Barter. The sweaters appeared in the early 1900s, but the Coast Salish people have had a wool-working tradition for hundreds of years. Best regards, Julio. This lovely 328-page book tells the story of British Columbia's Coast Salish people and their traditional hand-woven blankets and hand-knitted Cowichan sweaters. I fixed the link. sa’ hLa mitSa, Dr. Susan Pavel first learned Coast Salish Weaving the summer of 1996. Susan Crockford, in her comprehensive account of Wool Dogs (downloadable!) Source: SFU. The final process of weaving will be undertaken with both our prepared yarns and commercially purchased yarns. Coast Salish art is rarely represented in contemporary textiles, and Louie is proud to help push this particular, often overlooked form to the forefront of Native art and product offerings. Our samples will then be dyed with materials we gather using both indigenous and contemporary methods of dyeing. 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