At the end of this period, the degree of Bachiller en Farmacia was granted. Also, by 1892 the number of schools had more than doubled to 2,137, 1,087 of which were for boys and 1,050 for girls, which means that the number of children attending school also did increase, to at least 500,000, by conservative estimates. Before 1994, the overseer of all higher education institutions was the Bureau of Higher Education, a division of the former Department of Education, Culture and Sports. It also commended the creation of a free public normal school to train men as teachers, supervised by the Jesuits. Paaralang Elementarya or elementary education is the first part of the educational system, and it includes the first six years of compulsory education from grade 1 to 6, with an optional 7th grade offered by some schools. Five special institutions also provide training and education in the areas of military science and national defense. For the doctorate degree in medicine its provision was inspired in the same set of oppositions than those of universities in the metropolis, and at least an additional year of study was required at the Universidad Central de Madrid in Spain. Additionally, there are also several schools that are deemed “Science Secondary Schools”—which enroll students who have demonstrated a particular gift in math, science, or technology at the primary school level. Formal education typically spans 14 years and is structured in a 6+4+4 system: 6 years of primary school education, 4 years of secondary school education, and 4 years of higher education, leading to a bachelor’s degree. During the third and fourth years they must specialize in a particular discipline within that general vocational area. The missionaries took charge in teaching, controlling and maintaining the rules and regulations … Today, however, with the passage of the Higher Education Act of 1994, an independent government agency known as the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) now provides the general supervision and control over all colleges and universities in the country, both public and private. It was the first Jesuit boarding school to be established in the Philippines. In 1590, the Universidad de San Ignacio was founded in Manila by the Jesuits, initially as the Colegio-Seminario de San Ignacio. Its seismology section was set up in 1887, while astronomical studies began in 1899. During the initial two years of study at one of the nation’s vocational secondary schools, students study a general vocational area (see above). Schools offering Spanish courses in the Philippines A list of universities and colleges offering Spanish courses in the Philippines. Students who complete a minimum of four years of education at any one of the country’s secondary schools typically receive a diploma, or Katibayan, from their high school. There are also 50 local universities, as well as a handful of government schools whose focus is on technical, vocational and teacher training. Students follow that curriculum path closely; however, they must also take and pass a variety of advanced courses in mathematics and science. The education system in the Philippines has largely been shaped by its colonial history, particularly by the Spanish and American cultures. Since the 1887 census yielded a count of 6,984,727, 20% would be approximately 1,4 million. The first two years are typically dedicated to the study of general education courses (63 credits), with all classes counting towards the major the student will undertake in the final two years. The University of Santo Tomás, for example, started by teaching theology, philosophy and humanities. Elementary (primary) and middle (secondary) school in Spain are compulsory and free for all children between the ages of 6 to 16. This new enlightened class of Filipinos would later lead the Philippine independence movement, using the Spanish language as their main communication method. According to statistics from the Department of Education, roughly 45 percent of the country’s high schools are private, enrolling about 21 percent of all secondary school students. It closed down in 1769 as a result of the expulsion of the Jesuits from the Philippines and didn't open again until 1783. The Education Decree of 1863 provided for the establishment of at least two free primary schools, one for boys and another for girls, in each town under the responsibility of the municipal government. CHED regulates the founding and/or closures of private higher education institutions, their program offerings, curricular development, building specifications and tuition fees. High School in the Philippines King Philip II's Leyes de Indias (Laws of the Indies) mandated Spanish authorities in the Philippines to educate the natives, to teach them how to read and write and to learn Spanish. A Nautical School was created on January 1, 1820 which offered a four-year course of study (for the profession of pilot of merchant marine) that included subjects such as arithmetic, algebra, geometry, trigonometry, physics, hydrography, meteorology, navigation and pilotage. The Spaniards of Arévalo heard of the school and wanted Chirino to teach their boys too. Once a student has completed all four years of his/her secondary education, earning a 75 percent or better in all subjects, they are presented a secondary school graduation certificate. A version in Spanish, and in Filipino, in both Latin script and the commonly used Baybayin script of the Manila Tagalogs of the time was printed in 1593. Chirino at once put up a dormitory and school house (1593-1594) for the Spanish boys near his rectory. To calculate the percentage of children on scholar age, it must be taken into account the number of children in Elementary School age (ages 5 through 13) and teenagers in High School age (ages 14 through 17). Only a handful of families have maintained speaking in Spanish. Students are rated in every subject four times during the school year. The Black Legend propagation, black propaganda and yellow journalism were rampant in the last two decades of Spanish Colonial Period and throughout the American Colonial Period. Most PhD programs span two to four years beyond the Master’s degree, not counting the time it takes to complete the dissertation. Spanish policies and practices created the typical dual system of colonial education, one set of schools for Filipino youth and an-other for the children of resident Spaniards. 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