In terms of officiality in the EU, as of 2004 Spain’s co-official languages were institutionalized. Approximately 6.1 million people in Spain were born in different countries. Example: Benvingut (Welcome)Catalan is by far the most widely spoken regional language in Spain. During the 20th century, different opinions about whether Valencian should be considered a language of its own or a dialect of Catalan led to the, In the Basque Country, Basque is the official language in the entire territory. Additionally, it is also spoken by French-born individuals who currently number about 100,448. German is spoken by only 2% of the population. Asturian is spoken in Asturias by about 100,000 native speakers and 450,000 speakers as a second language. This means that citizens have the right to use these languages to communicate with the EU. Tourist information about Spain: art, culture, museums, monuments, beaches, cities, fiestas, routes, cuisine, natural spaces in Spain | spain.info in english At least 90% of the population speak Castilian Spanish as a first or second language. [12];0[all]&C=1[0];2[2013]&F=&S=&SCF=Galicia (2013), "INEbase / Society /Education and culture /Survey on the Involvement of the Adult Population in Learning Activities / Results/ Year 2016", "La mitad de los españoles habla un segundo idioma y 4 de cada 10 elige el inglés", "The Numbers of Spanish Speakers in the World Exceeds 500 million : Spanish Language Domains", "Reportaje | Más 'speak spanish' que en España", "Statistics of Language Usage in Catalonia", "Conselleria d' Educació, Investigació, Cultura i Esport – Generalitat Valenciana", "Euskarabidea :: Euskararen Nafar Institutua", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Official_languages_of_Spain&oldid=981878376, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. In fact, according to some Galician and Portuguese authors, they should still be considered a single language today despite the differences that have appeared since the Middle Ages (see Reintegrationism). The language we know today as Spanish originally derived … It is spoken in whole Spain as well as in South America. Besides Castilian, Galician and Basque, Catalan is one out of four official languages in Spain. The Fala of the Valley of Jalama in northwestern Extremadura is related to Portuguese and also to Galician. Leonese is spoken in Castile and León by between 20,000 and 50,000 people. In all of these territories the official name for the language is Catalan, while in Valencia the official name is Valencian. However, what many people don't know is that, along with Castellano, there are three other fully-developed independent languages in Spain. Approximately 40% of the Spanish population live in areas with two official languages. Co-official regional languages include Basque, Catalan, Galician, and Occitan. Latin, the origin of the Spanish language. Two major speeches influenced the creation of Spanish: the Medieval Romance language of the Kingdom of Castile and the Mozarabic dialect of the Muslim Kingdom of Toledo. Currently, Spain has five official languages. In almost the entire province of, In Navarre, Basque is co-official in the area called, This page was last edited on 4 October 2020, at 23:19. Affiliation between one subgroup or the other is a cause for active discussion. If you think that Spanish or Castilian is the language of Spain, you're only partly right. Official Name: Kingdom of Spain Capital: Madrid Population: 49,331,076 (2018) Official Languages: Spanish nationwide; Catalan, Galician, Basque, Aranese regionally Currency: Euro (EUR) Form of Government: Parliamentary constitutional monarchy Climate: Temperate; clear, hot summers in interior, more … The national language of Castilian is official through out the … Many new arrivals are surprised to learn that more than one language is actually spoken in Spain. Also referred to as Castilian, it is a Romance language with origins in the Castile region of Spain. In Spain, which has a multicultural structure, languages such as different Basque, Catalan and Galician are spoken in various regions. Las Fallas De Valencia (Festival Of Fire) No list of Spanish festivals names can … Spain also 3 other co-official languages along with Spanish. 2 The constitution states that “Castilian is the Spanish official language of the State,” but that “all other Spanish languages (including Euskera [Basque], Catalan, and Galician) will also be official in the corresponding autonomous communities.” This has been reflected in the immigrant languages of the country which include: Latin American Spanish, Bulgarian, Ukrainian, Romanian, Arabic, English, German, French, Italian, Portuguese, Chinese, and Russian. The majority belong to the sub-group of languages Iberian Romance, with the exception of Catalan/Valencian and Aranes, belonging to the Occitano-Romances and Aragonese. In Catalonia, Catalan has two main varieties: Catalan spoken in the Balearic Islands, or, In Valencia, Valencian is a western variety of the Catalan language spoken in this autonomous community. For autonomous communities, Catalan can be used by almost 85% of the population of Catalonia and 63.1% of the Balearic region, Galician is used by 89% of Galicians, Valencian is used by 51.8% of the residents in that community and Basque is spoken by 55.1% of the Basque population and 21.7% of people in Navarre. There are six main Basque dialects and a standard variety, Standard Basque. Catalan and Valencian are considered two varieties of the same language. By Amber Pariona on December 28 2020 in Society. The official and national language is Spanish, co-official languages are Catalan, Galician, Basque, and Occitan. This situation was reverted with the arrival of democracy in Spain and especially with the passing of the Constitution of 1978 which recognized the co-official status of the regional languages in their respective territories; from then on the bilingual autonomous communities began several different policies to normalize the use of their languages, a situation that had special success in the field of education. As the Spanish Empire spre… It is the official language of Andorra and is als… Spain actually has four official languages. In total, Galician is the language spoken at home by approximately 1,302,000 people. To find information on other destinations in Spain, and lots more interesting travel ideas, we recommend the international version of the Spain.info website. Basque is a co-official language with Spanish in the Basque Country and in the northern third of the Foral Community in Navarre. Spain is, along with Colombia[4] and after Mexico and the United States,[5] ranked third in the world as the country with the most Spanish speakers. Which Countries Recognize Sign Language As An Official Language? Population: 130,759,074.Highlights: “Day of the Dead” festival on November 1st & 2nd each year, postcard Caribbean beaches, delicious street tacos for 60 cents, historic ruins of Chichen Itza and Teotihuacán. Spain was chosen as the setting for Bollywood movies, thanks to the passion for life of the Spanish people and the fiestas held here throughout the … It is spoken by the inhabitants of Basque Country and northern Navarre. According to official statistics, Spanish is the mother tongue of 81.9% of the population, Basque is 5.7% of the population's mother tongue, and 3.8% of the … Spain’s co-official languages in the EU. There are many other languages and dialects, some of which have co-official status in the particular region in which they are used. These languages are widely used in newspapers, books, on TV, and in local government. During the second half of the 20th century, Francoism drove the regional languages away from public use and favored the use of Spanish; the internal migrations happening around the same time contributed to the predominance of Spanish too. Basque is spoken altogether by almost one million Spanish citizens (2.15% of the population). Spanish is the official language used in the country as prescribed by the Spanish Constitution. However, there are other co-official languages spoken in Spain´s many culturally diverse regions that form an important part of the Spanish cultural patrimony. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. With regard to native languages alone, Galician is the native language of 82.8% of Galicians, Catalan is the native language of 31.6% of people in Catalonia and of 42.9% of the residents in the Balearic region. Castilian Spanish is the official national language of Spain. Spain's Official Language Spanish, also known as Castilian Spanish or just Castilian, is the official national language. Spanish is the official language of Spain. Unofficial regional languages include Cantabrian (an Astur-Leonese dialect), Extremaduran (spoken in the autonomous region of Extremadura), Judaeo-Spanish (spoken by Sephardic Jews who were expelled from Spain in 1492), Riffian Berber (spoken by Muslim immigrants from Morocco, Eonavian (spoken by 45,000 native speakers), Fala (spoken by 10,500 people), Portuguese, Iberian Romani (consists of Caló and Erromintxela), and the Gomeran whistled language (used to communicate across valleys in the Canary Islands). There are four co-official languages: Euskara, Galego, Català and Valencià. This number represents a little more than 13% of the population. These are not official and are considered minority endangered languages. Spain is, along with Colombia and after Mexico and the United States, ranked third in the world as the country with the most Spanish speakers. It gained importance in becoming an auxiliary language, along with commercial and diplomatic communication, in the 16th and 17th centuries. Within Spain, approximately 88% of the population speaks it as their native language, and 99% are able to speak it. More often than not, the people of Spain refer to their language as castellano rather than español because the latter can be any of the other languages spoken in the country. The official language of Spain is Spanish. (in Spanish … Castellano - the more precise name for the Spanish we know - is spoken throughout Spain and is the country's official language. Galician is co-official in Galicia (Spanish Constitution of 1978 article 3.2 and Statute of Autonomy of Galicia article 5). True, Spanish is the national language and the only language you can use if you want to be understood almost everywhere. With the exception of Basque, which is a language isolate, all of the vernacular languages spoken now in Spain are Romance languages, within the family of the Indo-European languages. French is spoken by 12% of the population, and like English, this is a common business language. In the Aran Valley, Spanish is the native language of 38.8% of the population (many of them born elsewhere), Aranese is the native language of 34.2% and Catalan of 19.4%, according to the data from the census in 2001. It also means that the languages can be used at meetings within the EU though here … Galician belongs, along with Spanish, to the group of Iberian Romance languages, and is closely related to Portuguese, with which it formed linguistic unity (Galician-Portuguese) during the Middle Ages. Official Web Site of the Spanish Ministry of Education and Culture. Aragonese is spoken Aragon by between 10,000 and 30,000 people. It is spoken in the independent communities of Catalan, Valencia, Aragón, Murcia and on the Balearic Islands, with various regional differences.With around 11 million speakers in four countries, Catalan is also the most spoken regional language within the European Union. Spanish (sometimes called Castilian) is the only official language of the entire country and is spoken habitually and as a native language among a vast majority of the Spanish population. Spanish enjoys official language status in 21 countries across Europe, Africa, Central, South and North America, making it a very important global language. Catalan or Valencian have the recognition of an official language in Catalonia along with Spanish, as well as in the Balearic Islands and the Valencian Community; in Aragon, the Statute of Autonomy defines the language, along with Aragonese, as "one of the manifestations that most stand out of Aragonese history and culture and a social value of respect, coexistence, and understanding". Two major speeches influenced the creation of Spanish: the Medieval Romance language of the Kingdom of Castile and the Mozarabic dialect of the Muslim Kingdom of Toledo. Spanish, the official language in the entire country, is the predominant native language in almost all of the autonomous communities in Spain. Castilian Spanish (known as Castellano) is the official language and is understood everywhere. The majority of these immigrants have come from the European Union, Latin America, Morocco, China, and Russia (to name a few). The Castilian, the official language of Spain What we refer to and consider as “Spanish language” is actually called Castilian (in Spanish “Castellano”). The official language in Spain is Spanish or Castilian Spanish. According to the Survey of the Involvement of the Adult Population in Learning Activities[2] distributed by the National Institute of Statistics with data from 2016, in regards to the languages in Spain that are native languages or languages that are not native but used, 98.9% of the population speaks Spanish, 17.5% speaks Catalan, 6.2% speaks Galician, 5.8% speaks Valencian (a variety of Catalan) and 3.0% speaks Basque. Spanish is the official language of Spain. Spanish (sometimes called Castilian) is the only official language of the entire country and is spoken habitually and as a native language among a vast majority of the Spanish population. Today, hundreds of millions of people speak Spanish as their first language. Some English speakers are British-born, others use English for business transactions. In the following centuries Spanish continued its expansion at the expense of the languages bordering with it; this is shown clearly in the case of the Leonese and Aragonese languages, and also in the case of Basque. Catalan is the language spoken in and around Barcelona. Do you like Bollywood movies? To understand the reason for this geographical reference, we need to briefly look at the history of the Spanish language, starting from the Roman era. Six of the sixteen autonomous communities in Spain have other co-official languages in addition to Spanish. Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US, Cantabrian, Extremaduran, Judaeo-Spanish, Riffian Berber, Eonavian, Fala, Portuguese, Iberian Romani, Gomeran whistled language, Spanish (Latin American Spanish), Bulgarian, Ukrainian, Arabic, English, German, Romanian, French, Italian, Portuguese, Chinese, Russian. Also referred to as Castilian, it is a Romance language with origins in the Castile region of Spain. Aranese, a variety of Occitan/Gascon spoken in the Aran Valley, in the northwest of Lleida province, is official in this valley and from 2006 in all of Catalonia following the new Statute of Autonomy. About 28% live in regions with Catalan as the official language.Source: Government of the Balearic Islands. Isabella and Ferdinand declared Castilian Spanish to be the official dialect. As the Spanish Empire spread across the world in the 16th century, so too did their language. Another 563,000 speak Galician interchangeably with Spanish. In Spanish, the term is translated castellano, which means “from Castile”. As in other autonomous communities, Spanish is the language that is spoken most in urban areas of Galicia, while Galician is spoken in rural areas. The recognized regional languages are Aragonese, Asturian, and Leonese. In total, Catalan is the language spoken at home by approximately 4,452,000 Spanish citizens. Spanish is not the only language spoken in Spain. About 17% of the population speaks Catalan, making its speakers one of the largest bilingual, non-state communities in Europe. Spanish… or Castilian? In addition to Galicia, Galician is spoken in western Asturias and in the westernmost area of the provinces of Leon and Zamora. Being the country which founded the language and key in its global distribution, Spain has one of the highest numbers of Spanish users in the world with 47.73 million users. flag of Spain National anthem of Spain 1 Includes 58 indirectly elected seats. Castilian Spanish then quickly became the official language for all educational materials and official documents in all of Spain. The official language for the whole of Spain, including Andalusia, is Spanish, as defined by t he Spanish Royal Academy of Language. It is also co-official with other languages in Catalonia, Balearic Islands, Valencia, Galicia, Basque Country and the Basque zone of Navarre. Basque is the only non-Romance language with official status in the country and is in fact, not related to any other language. In all of the bilingual autonomous communities, with the exception of Galicia, Spanish is actually the native language of the majority of the population, although this is due in large part to the internal migration processes that occurred in Spain from the middle of the 20th century. Spanish is the (or an) official language of 18 American countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela) as well as of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, along with Spain in … About 17% of the population speak Catalan, 7% speak Galician and 2% speak Basque. Galician is spoken by 9% of the population of Spain, mainly in Galicia which is an autonomous region in the northwest and is related to Portuguese. Of the foreign languages spoken in Spain, three in particular have a significant role in Spanish society. Spanish or Castilian. Unlike in Catalonia, the Valencian Community and the Balearic Islands, in Galicia the main cause of the advance of Spanish over the local language (Galician) is not immigration, but language shift. Information available on ministry news, publications, libraries, international co-operation, statistics, intellectual property, as well as helpful directories and links. Galician has three main dialectal areas: western, central, and eastern; those are subdivided into other areas. The varieties of the language in existence in Spain are collectively referred to as Iberian Spanish or Peninsular Spanish or European Spanis… There is a variety of Vernacular languages spoken in Spain. 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