Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) is a well-known non-human primate that is physiologically and genetically similar to humans, with greater than 98% DNA sequence homology with humans.Because of this, chimpanzees are widely used in various fields of biomedical research and have made great contributions to the study of complex diseases in humans. Sen. Udall said it costs taxpayers three times more to keep chimps in Alamogordo than it would the Louisiana sanctuary. Research with non-human primates has and continues to be vital to helping us understand and improve human health in a multitude of ways, including the development of treatments and interventions. “When you think about all she has lived through, it is really incredible,” Laura Bonar with Animal Protection of New Mexico said. The chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes), also known as the common chimpanzee, robust chimpanzee, or simply chimp, is a species of great ape native to the forest and savannah of tropical Africa.It has four confirmed subspecies and a fifth proposed subspecies. Under the P51 award, costs are shared between care for the chimpanzees and several thousand other non-human primates. Chimpanzees live for 40 years or more in captivity and the time course of SIV pathology -- while still not entirely understood -- is certainly slow ( remember the lenti - in lentivirus means slow). The National Institutes of Health plans to substantially reduce the use of chimpanzees in NIH-funded biomedical research and designate for retirement most of the chimpanzees it currently owns or supports. Today, the United States and Gabon are the world's only two countries that legally allow biomedical testing on chimpanzees [source: Conlee]. “They keep making money if they keep the chimps there.”. 8. Beyond this anthropological perspective, biomedical research has often focused on chimpanzees as an animal model due to the marked similarity between their genetic make-up and our own. Biomedical Research Criteria: The use of chimpanzees in biomedical research is limited to those studies that meet the following three criteria: 1. Because they share more than 98% of their DNA with humans, they have been considered an “ideal” research subject, one that can be used to stand in for human subjects in experiments that would not be ethical to conduct on humans. The department explains that most of those students that are now accounted for are enrolled in private or Bureau of Indian Affairs schools, have moved out of state, or are being home schooled. NEW MEXICO (KRQE) – The New Mexico Department of Health announced on Wednesday that Catron County in southwestern New Mexico can now operate in the "Yellow Level." Bonar said care at the Alamogordo facility is inadequate, guidelines for euthanasia are too low, oversight is insufficient and records are conflicting. This is consistent with the NCRR recommendation made in 1995, 2000, and 2007 for the Chimpanzee Biomedical Research Program (CBRP) colonies, by the ChiMP working group. The release also states that the purpose of these burns is to reduce hazardous fuels and the chance for future high-intensity wildfires. “One report said the veterinarians elected to humanely euthanize a chimpanzee,” Bonar said. NEAVS Commissioned report, see www. Relocation of the chimpanzees to the Federal Sanctuary System will be conducted as space is available and on a timescale that will allow for optimal transition of each individual chimpanzee with careful consideration of their welfare, including their health and social grouping. Today NIH made an important announcement about the use of chimpanzees in biomedical and behavioral research. 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